Musculoskeletal System Tumors can be benign or malignant as in other regions.

Benign tumors are noticed as palpable swelling, especially in areas where there is not much soft tissue. Generally, there is no pain, but some benign tumors (such as osteoid osteoma, osteoblastoma) are painful. However, if the tumor is close to the nerve and compresses the nerve, it may manifest as pain and progressive nerve palsy. Some benign tumors (such as giant cell bone tumors) are likely to become malignant, in this case, growth and pain in the mass are seen.

Malignant tumors are called sarcoma, there is rapid growth and pain in the mass. It is also common for malignant tumors of other organs to metastasize and damage the bone.

When benign tumors are surgically treated, recurrence is usually unlikely, except for some.

Diagnosis and treatment of malignant tumors requires a multidisciplinary approach. Imaging specialist, tumor surgeon, pathology specialist, medical oncologist and radiotherapy specialist are in the team. After examination and imaging, a piece (biopsy) is taken from the tumor, which is thought to be malignant, by open or closed method, and the exact diagnosis and type of the tumor is determined pathologically. Depending on the characteristics of the tumor, applications such as surgical removal of the tumor, limb-sparing surgery or amputation surgery are performed. The patient is followed up by a medical oncologist with chemotherapy and, if necessary, radiotherapy by a radiotherapy specialist. Fractures seen in metastatic bone tumors are treated with bone fixation surgeries performed according to the region.

Our musculoskeletal tumors surgery unit is a unit that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of all benign and malignant tumoral diseases of the bones, muscles, tendons and cartilage in the musculoskeletal system.